WASH Rural PATS Plus
Funding Agency: UNICEF
Project duration: November 2016- December, 2017
Project Location: District Shangla
District Shangla is located in the north of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, surrounded by district Batagram in the east, district Swat in the west, district Kohistan in the north and district Buner in the south. It has two Sub-divisions namely Alpurai (District Head quarter) & Puran with total 28 UCs. It has total area about 1596 sq. km with total Population of about 520,816 according to population welfare department with annual increase ratio of 3.2%.
Shangla has the lowest female literacy rate i.e. 3.7% while economically active women population is only 0.7% (DCR 1998). The disable population (one of the vulnerable groups) is very high in this region. 1998 census shows 1.9 % of the total population of Shangla is disabled, that comprise of 60% of male and 40% of female.
Majority of inhabitants especially women and children lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, forcing people to rely on open defecation. Access to latrines is still limited as majority people prefer open defecation due to lack of adaptation or behavior problems, which demands immediate attention towards hygiene promotion. Regarding sewerage and waste management system, people in 75% target locations consider the sewerage system poor. Hygiene situation in assessed village is dismal and the situation worsens with each passing day. The hygiene condition of households living in far off hamlets is more distressing as water collection is a big challenge due to long distances. Household cleanliness, washing hands during critical times and treatment of diarrhea are unknown to majority people. Common diseases in the area are diarrhea, cholera, gastro and hepatitis.
There is a network of schools for boys and girls but the water and sanitation condition in schools is dilapidated, even for girls there is no latrine facility in a number of schools.
The purpose of the project is to reach 50,000 individuals (18,200 women, 7100 boys, 7,900 girls and 16,800 men) through hygiene promotion and ensure access to improved sanitation to 75% of the target population (37,500 individuals) by creating open defecation free environment and access to water for 10,000 people in target Union Council. It will enable the affected population to realize their right to better health through improved sanitation and hygiene and focus on reducing and preventing the incidence of WASH related diseases, especially Polio. In addition, School WASH facilities will be provided to 1,000 school children (in approximately 10 primary schools – 5 boys & 5 girls schools) to provide them the conducive and enabling environment, which will further contribute to retention of school children especially girl’s students. Through rehabilitation of WASH infrastructure in health facilities reaching an average of 2,000 individuals of the area of intervention.
Integrated Food Security & WASH Project
Funding Agency: Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH) /BMZ/BFTW
Project Duration: May 2016– April 2018
Project Location: District Swat
LASOONA initiated “Integrated Food Security and WASH Project to strengthen the resilience of most vulnerable households and villages in 4 selected Union Councils of district Swat”.
For two years project, an integrated, holistic package of activities has been designed to contribute to building resilience of communities against natural disasters. The project is based on two distinct but interrelated components, i.e. food security and WASH. The food security component of the project will address issues including technical skills, low agriculture productivity, maximizing nutritional value and increasing family income to improve the household food security situation. The WASH component focuses on provision of water and sanitation facilities for extremely vulnerable women, men and children. It is envisaged that provision of sanitation facilities for the target beneficiaries will improve the health status of villages and will contribute to reduction of water and sanitation related diseases. The project will put efforts to curtail open defecation using Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach to create and sustain demand for hygiene promotion, which will also contribute to reduction of water borne diseases. Disaster resilient productive infrastructure built under the project will help in increasing productivity by enhancing water efficiency, improved accessibility and mitigating disaster risk.
INSPIRE-II: Institutional Support for Participatory, Inclusive & Responsive Education
Project Title: INSPIRE-II: Institutional Support for Participatory, Inclusive & Responsive Education
Funding Agency: CARE International/Reach Out to Asia (ROTA)
Project duration: June 2015- September, 2017
Project Location: District Swat
The target district Swat is the most populated district, with the highest population growth above the national average by 0.85 %. Unemployment is particularly affecting the Youth. Enrolment in secondary and high schools is also at a low level. District Swat has higher unemployment rate (30%) than KPK average (26%).
In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, socio-cultural norms restrict women from going to the market place. Though they work to contribute to family well-being at their farms or by doing embroidery on shawls, they rely on men to conduct most market transactions. Thus income generation is normally attributed to men, regardless of the labor contribution of women. Limited mobility of women results in increased inability of women home based workers to interact with the markets, thus these women, despite their intensive labor earn less as the quality of their products generally may not meet changing market requirements in terms of design, particularly that of middle to high-end markets.
According to NAVTTC, approximately 6% of the youth in Pakistan acquire skills (Technical Vocational Education & Training). In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, to cater the technical and vocational education and training needs of youth, there are approximately 176 institutes, in which 47 are public and 129 privately owned. TVET sector is highly fragmented and unstructured in Pakistan and requires reforms at all levels from policy formulation to delivery. The reforms based on the principles of quality, access and relevancy have been identified under National Skill Strategy (NSS) through consultation with all the stakeholders. However, the implementation of NSS is crucial due to lack of relevant expertise and capacity at institutional level. The National Skills Strategy (NSS) aims to a paradigm from time-bound and supply led to competency-based and demand driven training in Pakistan. However little has been done so far to focus on quality of TVET institutions, revising curricula, developing competency standards and other instructional materials for quality, demand driven and competency based training in Pakistan.
The project will provide vocational skills and entrepreneurship development to 300 young men and women through training and facilitate 100 women home based workers in the project communities; resulting in a greater impact. This will provide employment and self-employment opportunity to the poor communities and also sustain education efforts carried out by the project.
Outcome: Improved income generation in target communities through skills development of young men and women
Output 3: Model tested for institutionalizing workforce development system at district level
Program for Poverty Reduction (PPR)
Funding Agency: Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF)/Italian Development Cooperation
Project Duration: March 2015-June 2018
Project Area: District Swat
Poverty reduction through the creation of sustainable conditions of social and economic development, including income and production capacity increase.
Social structure and community organizations strengthened, with increased empowerment of the local communities and increased capacity of relating with central institutions, other organizations and markets.
Effective social safety net establishment in favor of the populations’ poorest groups, women, children, old people and disables especially.
Local productive infrastructures (water infrastructures, civil and energetic works, access to markets, wells, roads, pipelines, power grids, etc…) built and functioning.
Access of local population to the basic social and health services, including education obtained.
Access to microcredit for the poorest members of the population, women especially, available.
Partner Organizations and other credit intermediaries strengthened, credit management capacity of local beneficiaries improved.
1. Social Mobilization:
Empowering of the local populations. Establishment, support and strengthening of grassroots community- based organizations and facilitation of their grouping at higher levels (Villages and departments) and fortification of their ability to communicate with the provincial and central governments.
2. Livelihood Enhancement and Protection:
Protection of the weakest sectors of the population through the creation of social safety nets capable of responding to the most immediate basic needs.
3. Construction and improvement of Small-scale Community Infrastructures
Construction and improvement of small-scale community infrastructures such as irrigation systems, aqueducts, wells, power lines, etc.
4. Establishment of Basic health and Educational services, including primary schools and basic health units.
Project on Sustainable Solution to Food & Nutrition Insecurity-Phase II
Funding Agency: Welthungerhilfe
Project duration: Sept 2013- April, 2018
Project Location: District Swat, Shangla & Kohistan
The findings of rapid nutrition assessment study both at macro and meso/micro level confirm the food and nutrition insecurity in the country as a whole and particularly the rural areas. The assessments disclose the facts that there is no single reason or sector, which could be held solely responsible for the food insecurity and malnourishment. If somewhere, there is less food then elsewhere the poor purchasing power restricting access to. Above all, the worse scenario is of utilization of the food, which is somewhere poor due to lack of facilities like safe drinking water but overwhelmingly due to extremely poor feeding and hygiene practices because of unawareness. The project is focussing on gaps identified in both macro and micro level assessment and addresses these gaps in a coherent manner where co-relating needs in various sector areas are considered in details. The proposed project is focussing on all the underlying factors of food and nutrition insecurity with approach of four dimensions of food and nutrition security predominantly linked with available natural resources.
Project Purpose: The Food and Nutrition Security status of most vulnerable communities in Swat, Shangla and Kohistan is improved through an Integrated approach linking Agriculture, Food and Environment to Nutrition in line with National and Provincial Strategies.
- Increase Food availability, or
- Increase Access to food, or
- Improve use and utilisation of food