October, 2010-August, 2011
Distt. Swat, Shangla, Kohistan, KP
Pakistan flood 2010 made the people of Malakand division like other parts of the country more vulnerable as the area livelihood assets of the population received severe damages. The effects of the damages were more affecting as this was the third huge disaster in a short period of past 5 years. The earthquake of 2005, followed by militancy and military operations from 2007-2009, and the 2010 devastating floods increased vulnerability in the area particularly of the more marginalized and low income families. The flood further aggravated the miseries due to huge human losses and by effecting already vulnerable infrastructure of the area. In district Shangla, 158 people were reportedly died, while in Swat and Kohistan 207 and 89 people died due to flash flood waters. More than 150 people in Shangla reportedly injured in these floods. Similarly 2281 houses were fully damaged while 9,405 houses are partially damaged in Swat due to floods. In district Shangla 1,777 houses were fully damaged with 1,874 houses damaged partially in these floods. While situation in Kohistan is not much different from Swat and Shangla, where 1085 houses are completely washed away and 130 houses were partially damaged. Besides, the infrastructure of the area suffered heavily; in some areas complete road network was washed away by flood while in other areas remained blocked due to heavy land sliding. More than 150 Micro hydle power plants and 165 water mills were washed away in Shangla and Kohistan. Pathways, bridges, irrigation channels, water supply schemes, agriculture land and standing crops in the field got severe damages in these areas. The worst affected crops included rice, maize, and orchards of peach and apple, which were at their full productivity stage. In Swat rice, which was at the flowering stage, was most affected as it is usually grown on land near the riverbank and streams as this crop required more water for irrigation. This worst scenario resulted in severe affects on the livelihood of the people and increased in vulnerability and food insecurity as well.
The flood effects were more affecting the daily bread earners and small farmers because they either lost their land in the flood or their crops were damaged, which was the only source of their livelihood. Knowing the enormity of the situation LASOONA-Society for human and natural resource development with financial assistance of Welthungerhilfe and BMZ initiated its interventions in ten most affected union councils of Swat, Shangla and Kohistan.
Project Goal: To restore livelihoods of the flood affected population on the pre-flood situation
- The target farmers are able to cultivate their lands.
- The target beneficiaries improved food consumption and income level increased.
- The target farmers show improved crop management practices
- The agricultural infrastructure is repaired.
Total 6751 (Men) and 349 (Women) were selected as beneficiaries.
Total 7100 Agriculture inputs packages were distributed among 6751 Men and 349 women Beneficiaries. (Seeds for cereal crops, vegetable fertilizers for the kharif season and full agriculture tools kit).
- 80 Broad Based Community Meetings (BBCMs) were conducted in different neutral places in targeted union councils.
- Total of 80 (53 men and 27 women) village level committees were formed during the project period.
- Total 2,250 male and 450 Female beneficiaries were selected as CFW beneficiaries.
- 137 irrigation channels were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- 19 linked roads were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- 182 protection walls were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- 16 Diversion band were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- 18 Water Mills were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- 77 Pathways were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- O6 Culverts were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
- Female beneficiaries made 1996 shawls, 564 sweaters 200 suits and 300 Quilts under CFW program.
- 1996 shawls, 564 sweaters, 200 suits and 300 Quilts were distributed among 716 women and 121 men beneficiaries.
- Each of the selected beneficiaries worked for 16 days in a month for four months period and were provided livelihood support of Pak rupees 22,400each.
- 75 Community Extension workers were trained in ICM and IPM approaches.
- All the 7100 beneficiaries’ farmers who received the agriculture inputs have been trained on these ICM and IPM approaches.
- The Trained Community Extension workers transferred knowledge to their follow farmers in their respective villages.